Entrada Research

Physics and Astronomy

Research Areas

the main areas of research in the department are:

Experimental Physics (materials)

Research in Applied Physics is carried mainly at IFIMUP - Institute of Physics for Advanced Materials, Nanotechnology and Photonics (University of Porto). One line of work focuses on all types of materials: liquid crystals, dielectrics (insulators), magnetic materials and superconductors. Recently, we focussed our work on  the fabrication and characterization of materials with artificial structures on the nanometer scale ( 10-9 m). Another line of work are Lasers and ultra-short pulse applications.

  • magnetic multilayers
  • spin valves
  • nanotubes and nanoporous alumina
  • ato second laser pulses


Physical Engineering

Research and development in Physical Engineering is focussed on Optics/Optoelectronics/lasers and on Advanced Material and micro and nano devices. This research is carried out in IFIMUP and in the Optoelectronics Unit of INESC-TEC, both part of associated laboratories.

  • Optical fiber sensors
  • Magnetic multilayers
  • Optical computerized tomography
  • Nano dots
  • Pharmaceutical applications of nano tubes
  • Lasers in fiber

The research in sensors and lases originated two high tech firms FiberSensing e Multiwave Photonics.

Theoretical Physics

Centro de Física do Porto, a theoretical research center, is concerned with the understanding of the Universe in all spatial scaes: from superstrings (10-35 m ?) to global cosmological features (1026 m), including our own, human scale.Here are some research topics

  • Superstrings
  • Gravitation and Cosmology
  • Complex systems
  • Condensed Matter



Modern research in Astronomy in Porto Uiversity followed the creation of a degree in Physics/Applied Mathematics (Astronomy) in the 80's. CAUP (Astrophysics research center) was created in 1989.

Since then, the University of Porto became the portuguese Uiversity  with more activity and greater number of Astronomers.

Physics Teaching

Two PhD students recently carried out research projects in Physics teaching:

  • Edite Briosa: The learning of Mechanics and Fluid Mechanics in secondary schools - impact of interactive resources and their educational exploration;
  • Ana Rita Lopes Mota: practical application of the core knowledge movement in portuguese physics teaching.

These students developped  materials for classroom use:


Project Faraday also produced educational materials for high school Physics teaching.

Research Centers

The department's research and teaching staff carry their research activity in four  centers:

Document Actions

Cristal liquido
liquid crystals

Escrita em fibra ótica

Diagramas de Feynman

Pó em Andromeda (NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA)